Just as the men and women who serve at police departments, sheriff’s offices, various law enforcement agencies, and correctional institutions are important when it comes to protecting our well-being, canines now play a large role in that endeavor as well. Police dog training has now become standardized among most of these various agencies.
These animals are used to assist law enforcement agencies in many different tasks. There are a large number of departments that now host specialized police dog training in certain fields. Here, you will learn about the various types of training that is involved when developing regimes for the world’s canine corps.
Many canine cops are referred to as the “K9“. This is a basic homophone for the actual word “canine”. However, since law enforcement personnel often speak in codes that involve numbers and alphabet characters, the term “K9” caught on quite quickly. While many individuals associated the police dog with the German Shepherd, there are now many different types of dogs being used to assist law enforcement personnel in their fields.
You may see a Boxer, Doberman Pinscher, Dutch Shepherd, Airedale Terrier, or another type of dog being used in law enforcement today. The reason being is that police dog training uncovered the fact that different dogs master different skills. This is when variety was introduced to the field. One type of dog may be a master at tracking, while another type of dog may have a better skill in detecting particular substances, such as those that are used to create bombs and narcotics.
Police dog training will instruct the dog to guard the individual that they work with at all times. These dogs are often viewed as a “partner” to the law enforcement officer that they work with. You will often see that the dog that works with a cop or other type of investigator performs a number of tasks. These tasks may include general guarding, finding various people or items, capturing and/or restraining suspects, and carefully investigating the scene in which a crime has been committed for clues and/or tracking measures.
Police dog training is much more than teaching a dog to catch a ball or fetch a stick. The relationship that a cop and his or her dog have is a very special one. Just as a human relationship, each is taught to protect the other at all costs – even if it involves personal sacrifice. The dog often resides with the officer in order to ensure its proper care, basic needs, and continued bonding with the individual. The same laws that protect the law enforcement officer also protect the animal as well. These dogs are considered to be law enforcement officers themselves.
Police dog training is based on two concepts. The first is the keen sense of smell that the dog has, and the second is the level of “playfulness” that the animal has. It has been discovered through a study that outlines just how keen the sense of smell in a K9 is. Ten different salt shakers that were about 3 inches in height were placed in various places on an obstacle course. A tiny chip of crack cocaine was placed in one of the containers. This was actually just about the same size as the granules of salt – just a tad bigger. The dog is being used in the experiment was about to identify the exact container of salt that contained the small piece.
It is important to understand that the dog had to overcome all the smells around them to find this small piece. This included the smell of all the millions of pieces of salt, the natural outdoor smells, and more. This was quite an accomplishment! The sense of smell is the most valued aspect when it comes to police dog training!
While it is true that we do not see a lot of playfulness when the police dog is working, officers seek out playful dogs to train. The higher level of playfulness exhibited in police dog training, the easier it is to train the canine. This is because the dog enjoys the motivation that comes from a job well done. If a dog likes to play, the dog will LOVE to work! During police dog training, there are a lot of playful and fun exercises that will help to develop the skills that are necessary to be a successful law enforcement canine cop.
Police dog training is a lot of fun, but it is also a challenge. The dog must be trained in general and advanced commands. In addition to this, they must be trained in their specialized field. These include:
- Family Protection
- Basic Patrol
- Bomb Detection
- Search and Rescue